CTHH is a dangerous idea that borders on squandermania

first_imgDear Editor,The ramifications and nuances of Dr Clive Thomas’ proposed cash transfer of $5000 (all cash amounts are in US$) to all households (the CTHH) are unclear as Professor Tarron Khemraj notes in another section of the media. This essay looks at an aspect of the distribution issue, leakages via imports, inflation and the speculated boost to entrepreneurial development.Any action, including policies, undertaken by the Government has distributional implications, which can be especially contentious in an ethnically fractured society such as Guyana. The CTHH will undoubtedly improve welfare but would leave absolute inequality among households (HH) unchanged.Suppose the average income of the 50 per cent poorest HH (x) is $3000 and that of the richest 50 per cent HH (y) is $5000 per year. The HH inequality gap is y – x = $2000. Now assume each HH gets $5000 per year as a gift from God (whoever that person is).The average income of these two sets of HHs rises to $8000 and $10,000, respectively. The gap is still y – x = $2000. The absolute inequality gap is unchanged and will be unchanged as long as all HHs receive a transfer of the same magnitude.That is only the first-round effect. Spending the $5000 largesse has second-round, third-round, etc, effects. My spending on dhal and chicken becomes your income, part of which you will spend on rice and aloo.Your expenditure becomes the income of someone else, and the process goes on for quite some time, round after round. In the end, the cumulative effect of the $5000 will be magnified, depending upon the magnitude of marginal propensities.The marginal propensity to consume (MPC) refers to the proportion of extra income spent on consumption. For example, if $4000 of the $5000 is spent, the MPC is 4000/5000 = 0.80, but this figure is most likely to be much higher. Every time there is an injection of new demand into the circular flow, there is a multiplier effect, which magnifies the initial injection. The general formula for calculating the multiplier (k) is: k = 1/1-MPC. With an MPC = 0.8, k = 5.A multiplier of 5 means that every $1 of new income generates $5 of extra income. Since there are 93,260 HHs in Region 4, $466 million will be injected into this region’s economy. With an MPC = 0.8, the cumulative impact, which will take several years to wear out, will be around $2.3 billion.For Region 2 with 12,444 HHs, the final effect will be around $404 million. In contrast to the initial injection which leaves HH inequality unchanged, the multiplier effect impact is unlikely to be neutral. The final impact depends upon structural features of the regional and national economies, poverty and literacy rates, among other things.The MPC is likely to be highest in interior regions followed by coastal regions and the economy as a whole. Over time, then, the CTHH could change consumption, income and wealth inequalities for better or worst.The above assumes a closed economy, which is a fiction. Guyana is an extremely open economy, with import of goods and services exceeding GDP. Imports have historically exceeded exports, which is why there is a perennial current account gap. We simply consume more than we produce. Ipso facto, then, the cash transfers will lead to leakages. What fraction of the bonanza leaks out to other countries via imports? The answer is supplied by the marginal propensity to import (MPM), which is the change in imports/change in income.Usually the change in imports is calculated in relation to disposable income (amount available for spending and saving after taxes), but the latter does not exist. I use GDP instead. Even so, it is difficult to calculate Guyana’s MPM because of the weird behaviour of total imports. On the other hand, the MPM of consumer goods was about 0.22 in 2016-17; the figure for total imports is likely to be significantly higher. This means that each dollar of extra income injected into the economy induces 22 cents on consumption good imports.Of the total cash transfer of $1.1 billion in 2020, $220 million will leak out on additional consumption imports. Naturally, the leakage does absolutely nothing to improve the productive capacity of the economy, which includes investment in people.When leakages are taken into consideration, the expenditure multiplier and thus the cumulative impact of the cash transfer becomes smaller. With an MPC = 0.8 and MPM of consumption goods of 0.22, k = 2.4, which means that the final effect of the CTHH in Regions 4 and 2 will be $1.1 billion and $145 million, respectively, less than half of the amount without leakage via consumption goods imports. The leakage will be different by regions, depending upon their MPMs.One serious implication of an unconditional gift of the magnitude proposed by Thomas is this: it could negatively impact the agricultural sector and compromise food security. Even more young people will refuse to go into agriculture now that they are being showered with manna from heaven.The oil bonanza will simply be diverted to consumption, including alcohol, cigarettes and imported luxury items, some of which are associated with poor health outcomes. With time, the cash injection will drive up the cost of health, pumped up by the incidence of rising non-communicable diseases, such as hypertension, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular events.What would be the effect of the CTHH on inflation? Food prices are an important driver of inflation, according to the IMF, as are the current accommodative monetary stance and rising prices of imported commodities. The IMF predicts rising inflationary pressure, but not much work exists on inflation in Guyana; the last comprehensive study, published in 2000, was done by R Gampat.According to him, the principal drivers of the inflationary process are expectations of inflation, excess money supply, cost of imported commodities and excess demand in that order of importance. A 10 per cent increase in these drivers will collectively push inflation up by about 20 per cent. The cash injection of $5000 per HH would boost these variables, with the exception of imported commodities, by some multiple of 10 per cent.It is reasonable, then, to predict that the injection will drive inflation up by more than 50 per cent above its present level. This means inflation will possibly reach around 5 per cent by 2021, which is much higher than the IMF forecast of 3.5 per cent for that year. I do not think this rate of inflation will exert a strong negative impact on growth. Indeed, it will be necessary for a poor, overheated consumption-driven economy.A recent letter in Kaieteur News argues that the cash injection will “intensify entrepreneurial development” . This argument is short-sighted for the simple reason that capital is not the most important constraint to entrepreneurial development in Guyana.Instead, the major constraints to doing business in Guyana are red tape, corruption, poor polices, a labour force lacking in industrial discipline and the requisite skill set, erratic and unreliable supply of electricity, poor and inadequate infrastructure, lack of market (the domestic market is too small), lack of appropriate incentives, a consumption-oriented psychology and short-termism. A consumption binge rather than entrepreneurial development is likely to be the immediate outcome of the CTHH.Unlike the Phoenix that arose from the ashes, an entrepreneur does not arise suddenly from a cash injection of $5000 per HH per year. Entrepreneurial development is a long-term process that requires vision, strategic thinking, ability to spot opportunities and capitalise on them, discipline, appropriate behavioural change, foresight and animal spirits (ability to make nimble decisions under conditions of uncertainty and ambiguity that characterise the modern economy). It also requires Government guidance and nurturing. Overall, I continue to hold that the CTHH is a dangerous idea that borders on squandermania. We seem to forget that the windfall from the short-lived sugar bonanza (1974-75) was frittered away recklessly. Those who prefer to forget the past are condemned to repeat it. Judging from the reaction to the CTHH proposition, vested interest fixes attention to academic scribblers who hear voices in the air.Yours truly,Ramesh Gampatlast_img read more

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Guyana urged to develop IT, other emerging sectors

first_imgBY VAHNU MANICKCHANDWith the David Granger Administration looking to divert from the traditional ‘six economic sisters’, the country is being urge to capitalise on sectors that will aid the impending transformation that is expected over the coming years.This call was made by outgoing Deputy Chief of Mission of the United States Embassy, Bryan Hunt, during a recent interview with Guyana Times. Hunt pointed out that new and emerging industries are needed in Guyana to absorb the workforce that will be coming out of the traditional sectors that are declining, as well as this huge youth bulge that will be coming into productive life over the next five to 10 years.The US envoy explained that with the country already embarking on an oil and gas sector, it is set to receive an influx of revenues from the emerging petroleum sector and all eyes will be on Guyana on how it manages the monies that will flow into the State’s coffers. He noted that the possibilities for exploring new sectors in Guyana are great.According to Hunt, Government needs to sit with the Private Sector, particularly those looking to enter into the new industries, and really understand what are the barriers to entry, what is holding the country back, what are the tax policies needed, the fiscal policies and the regulatory environment.He added too that the country should look at why it has such a consistently low ranking in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index and remove such barriers so that there can be an influx of revenue coming in that will be used to offset the cost of creating alternative employment generating industries.On such sectors, the US Diplomat believes Guyana should develop is the Information Technology industry, especially since the country is on the verge of liberalising telecommunications and has already introduced 3G and 4G technology at the cell level.“I think looking at all of the information technology-driven possibilities – call centres, software designs, hardware designs, services that can be provided offshore, it is a sector that Guyana should look at and it should begin to look at how it structures its education system to provide the professionals that are necessary to do that,” he posited.Even as this is being called for by Hunt, the Government has already signed a US million Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Indian Government via its High Commissioner in Guyana, Venkatachalam Mahalingam for the set-up of an information communication and Technology (ICT) Centre of Excellence in Guyana.This centre will provide training for Public Sector ICT professionals to ensure the availability of a highly skilled ICT workforce, equipped with the requisite expertise to meet the increasingly complex demands of the public and Private Sectors.Moreover, Hunt believes that the country’s tourism sector has vast and untapped potential that is unmatched in the region. He noted that while there is a long way to go, Guyana has a tremendous natural product to offer with locations such as the Rupununi, Iwokarama, the Kaieteur and Orinduik waterfalls are unparallel in other parts of the world.“I think that you would be a new destination on the tourism map and there are ways if you are to offer a high end product that people will be willing to pay for it… I think that Guyana could be on the tourism map, not like Barbados where tourism is 90 per cent of the economy, but it can be a productive sector,” he stressed.However, the US envoy outlined that in order for the country to benefit from such potential, it requires investment in infrastructure as well as changes in the duties and importation policies that holds the sector back.“If Government is serious about tourism development then there should not be a “ridiculously high import rate on four wheel drive vehicles, which are essential to the tourism economy that is going to be created here,” he cautioned.Additionally, Hunt noted that with such fertile soils, there is the possibility of going into the agriculture and agro-processing sectors – not the tradition sectors but crops that are of high values such as chilli peppers. He said that there are valued added products in the agricultural and agro-processing sphere that ought to be looked at more aggressively, disclosing that the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) had done some work a few years ago on such products and so there are materials out there to look at.Furthermore, with low energy cost, which Guyana is yet to explore, the country can also look at light manufacturing, the US Diplomat stated. On the other hand, he opined that Guyana does not have to be the end developer of products, noting that sometimes it is better to be the designer.“Sometimes being the folks that are doing the offshore initial design of whatever is going to be produced is far more lucrative than being the ones that actually screws the parts together and given your (currently) energy cost, I think doing some of that beginning of the value addition chain work has possibilities here in Guyana. But again, that like software and IT development, it requires looking at the education system and really giving people the skills they need to look into those industries,” he underscored.He went on to say that more economic chains like this will be in the future where products are designed in one country, put to together in a next country and finish off in another.Hunt further highlighted that with the vast potential in the Guyanese economy, the country needs the adequate infrastructure. To this end, he pointed out that given the geography, Manaus and Boa Vista in neighbouring Brazil should be sending their products North to Guyana and then up to Miami.This is where a deepwater harbour is needed, he outlined. “If you had a deep water harbour, you can have a tremendous shipping industry just from those products being produced from North-West Brazil. I think this is something Government needs to look seriously at,” he remarked, adding that the Lethem border should be linked to a road that runs to a deepwater harbour.“It is something Guyana needs to seriously look at and give yourself that shipping industry and all the associated things that goes with it such as insurance and banking services,” he remarked.last_img read more

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Ellen an ‘Imperial President’

first_imgFormer Senator of Grand Kru County and former Internal Affairs Minister Blamoh Nelson said yesterday that Article 54 (d) of the 1986 Liberian Constitution has made President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf an “Imperial President” despite her statement during her 2006 inauguration about the end of imperial rule.Sen. Nelson said the President appoints over 3,450 senior public officials, excluding the 103 Legislators, and that has inarguably made her “very imperial.”He argued that the “appointing power” she enjoys has made the President to practice “imperialism – which is dominance and control “– with harsh disadvantages and consequences, and therefore he recommends an election for county Superintendents, other officials and officials of other political sub-divisions, including chiefs.He made the remarks yesterdayat the Capitol Building during a one-day Public Hearing on the 25 Propositions of the Constitutional Review Committee (CRC), which are under scrutiny by the House’s Joint Committee on Good Governance & Government Reform; Election and Inauguration and the Judiciary.The former lawmaker during the 52nd Legislature said there would be huge political, economic, social and cultural impact if the country is decentralized by the election of county officials, instead of by appointment in accordance with Article 54.Article 54 of the Constitution states: “The President shall nominate and, with the consent of the Senate, appoint and commission —(a) cabinet ministers, deputy and assistant cabinet ministers; (b) ambassadors, ministers, consuls; and (c) the Chief Justice and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court and judges of subordinate courts; (d) superintendents, other county officials and officials of other political sub-divisions; e) members of the military from the rank of lieutenant of its equivalent and above; and (f) marshals, deputy marshals, and sheriffs.”The former Internal Affairs Minister suggests that the election of county officials should be an agenda for referendum.Regarding Article 56 (b) of the Constitution, Sen. Blamoh said “It would be better if it is written: There shall be elections of County Superintendents, District Commissioners, City Mayors and Common Councils, and Paramount Chiefs, Clan and General Town Chiefs by the registered voters in their respective localities, each to serve for six years…”Sen. Nelson supportsthe reduction of the tenure of the Presidency from six to four years; Senators – from nine to six years; Representatives – from six to four years.He said clauses citing “Negro or of Negro Descendants” in the Constitution should be rephrased to reflect “persons born of Liberian parents shall qualify by birth or by a process of naturalization to be citizens of Liberia.”Blamoh also told the lawmakers that Liberians should own mineral resources, in order to graduate from poverty, arguing that if the mineral only belongs to the government, it makes one to believe that the only way to get wealth is to work for government.He suggested that all mineral resources in and under the seas and waterways shall not belong to the Republic, but rather it should be considered as strategic resources of the Republic, and as such, may be exploited only upon authority of the Republic with appropriate tax or other levies imposed on the wealth derived therefrom.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Football returns to Georgetown with Stag Beer Revival Cup

first_imgThe Georgetown Football Association (GFA) could not have found a better name for its upcoming tournament as it re-enters the world of hosting competitions after a bout of difficulties.Representatives from the Georgetown football clubs take a photo opportunity as the GFA’s IMC Chairman Trevor Williams receives the sponsorship cheque from ANSA McAL’s Saekwon McGarrellThe GFA will be collaborating with the Guyana Football Federation (GFF) and ANSA McAL, under its Stag brand, to stage the “GFA-Stag Beer Revival Cup”. The tournament will cater to football clubs within the Georgetown area, resuscitating the competitive spirit between the Georgetown clubs after a long time.At the launch of the event, GFA Interim Management Committee Chairman Trevor Williams noted that the Association was taking small steps towards fully restoring the glory of football that Georgetown once possessed. As such, he said, “I wish to encourage the clubs to make the most of the opportunities given, to keep their commitment to the game strong to ensure that together the GFA, the GFF and the football fraternity could take football to where we’ll be pleased in the city of Georgetown.”Declaring that the ANSA McAL company was “overly excited” to be part of such an initiative, Stag representative Saekwon McGarrell noted that the company was anticipating a top-notch tournament. “At this tournament, we’ll be able to see top teams with top talents, top managers, top trainers and skilful strategists; this is definitely going to be a football fiesta. It is time for us to be proud of our talented young players who are eager to display their skills and talents,” McGarrell said.GFA Competitions Committee Chairman Otis James shared the details of the tournament, stating that it was scheduled to begin on August 12 and run for 16 days. Within those 16 days, 56 matches are expected to be played in a round-robin format and then eight teams will advance into the quarter-final stage. The competition will host 16 teams, inclusive of Fruta Conquerors, Western Tigers, the Guyana Defence Force and Buxton United.However, with regard to the Elite League teams, players who are listed for the Elite League will not be eligible for this competition. As such, the teams are being urged to allow their Under-20 players to garner some exposure during this tournament.GFF President Wayne Forde has ecstatically welcomed the return of football to Georgetown. Additionally, he has expressed hope that this tournament would be a stepping stone towards development.“Football in Georgetown has been long overdue, it is pointless for us to get into the reasons why, but what I think we should do is concentrate our energies in developing a sustainable programme, over the next couple of years,” Forde said.The games will be hosted at the GFC Ground and the Tucville Football Ground (popularly known as the Fruta Conquerors Ground). The grand prize for the competition is $500,000, while second place will receive $250,000, and $150,000 will be awarded to the third-place winner.last_img read more

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What is ‘Sahara’ fact, what is fiction?

first_img“You have two men here who tell different stories,” Fields said to jurors. “It’s Mr. Anschutz who wants you to enrich him at Mr. Cussler’s expense.” Cussler sued Crusader, claiming it reneged on a contract that give him creative control. Crusader filed a countersuit against Cussler, claiming he was disruptive during the filmmaking process and disparaged the movie before its release. Both parties seek millions of dollars in damages. Each side blames the other for the dismal box-office returns of “Sahara,” which starred Matthew McConaughey and Penelope Cruz, and grossed only $68 million in the U.S. Jurors will have to decide whether to believe a best-selling author or a reclusive billionaire in a trial involving dueling lawsuits over the movie “Sahara,” an attorney argued Tuesday. Lawyer Bert Fields wrapped up his closing arguments, saying his client, Clive Cussler, should receive damages because a movie production company broke a deal that gave the novelist approval rights over the “Sahara” screenplay. Lawyers for the other side will present their closing arguments today. Superior Court Judge John Shook adjourned the trial for most of Tuesday because of an immigration protest in downtown Los Angeles. Fields told jurors the trial pits two men against each other: Cussler, the aging author who has written 32 books, and reclusive billionaire Philip Anschutz, who owns Crusader Entertainment, the company that produced the 2005 action-adventure film. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

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Construction at the North Peace Regional Landfill

first_img“The Regional District will be completing construction of its Landfill Gas Capture Facility on the north west section of the property,” a PPRD press release reads. “During the course of the construction, portions of the landfill will be exposed for brief periods to complete pipe work and faint garbage odours from the site may be detected in the immediate area.”The excavation work is expected to run until August 30th, and the PPRD say they “will be working with the construction group to minimize odour impacts.”If you have any questions in regard to the installation of the equipment required to capture landfill gas, contact the Solid Waste Department at 250 784 3200.- Advertisement –last_img

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Liverpool’s Keita ruled out of Africa Cup of Nations

first_img0Shares0000Guinea’s midfielder Naby Keita (L) will miss the rest of the African Cup of Nations © AFP / Giuseppe CACACELONDON, United Kingdom, Jul 6 – Liverpool’s injured midfielder Naby Keita will be sidelined for the rest of the Africa Cup of Nations, the Premier League club confirmed on Saturday.Keita returned to Merseyside on Monday for assessment by Liverpool’s medical staff after aggravating the adductor muscle injury which ruled him out of the Champions League final. The 24-year-old limped out of Guinea’s second match against Nigeria after 70 minutes and had to miss their win over Burundi.Keita originally sustained the injury in the Champions League semi-final first leg in Barcelona.He won’t be back in time for the rest of the tournament, but Liverpool expect Keita to be fit to begin his pre-season training programme later this month.“The injury ended Keita’s participation in the tournament and he returned to Melwood for further examination by the club’s medical team,” a statement on Liverpool’s website read.“However, he is set to be ready to start pre-season training as planned when back on Merseyside following an end-of-season break later in July.”Guinea are due to face Algeria in the last 16 on Sunday.Keita’s first year with the Champions League winners was littered with niggling injuries.Liverpool boss Jurgen Klopp said he would be ruled out for two months after the injury against Barca.However, Guinea coach Paul Put disputed this and insisted on the player reporting for Africa Cup of Nations duty.Keita came on as a 62nd-minute substitute in their opening match against Madagascar and was then forced off against Nigeria.0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

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Transfer rumours and paper review – Thursday, March 5

first_imgHere’s the top transfer-related stories in Thursday’s newspapers…Diego Simeone is stalling on a new contract at Atletico Madrid – in the hope of getting the Manchester City job. Manuel Pellegrini’s position at the Etihad has come under scrutiny in recent weeks. (Daily Mirror)Manchester United target Dani Alves is close to sealing his Barcelona exit. The Brazil right-back, 31, will be a free agent when his contract runs out at the end of the season. (The Sun)Lille want to keep Manchester City attacking midfielder Marcos Lopes on loan for another season. (Daily Mail)Arsene Wenger is preparing to bring the curtain down on Abou Diaby’s injury-plagued Arsenal career. (The Sun)Chelsea are maintaining a watching brief on Anderlecht teenagers Youri Tielemans and Leander Dendoncker. (Daily Mail)Liverpool have entered the race to sign £12million Villarreal striker Luciano Vietto. (The Sun)Porto defender Danilo, who has been linked with Liverpool, Man United and Arsenal, will snub the Premier League big boys and join Real Madrid this summer. (Daily Mirror)Radamel Falcao will have to wait until May to discover if Manchester United are to make his move from Monaco permanent as Louis van Gaal will not make any decision until then. (The Guardian)Liverpool are weighing up a move for Sporting Lisbon’s William Carvalho – after a setback in their attempts to land Roma star Miralem Pjanic. (Daily Mirror)Matija Nastasic is likely to make his loan move from Manchester City to Schlake permanent in the summer, the German club’s general manager has revealed. (Manchester Evening News)And here are the latest talkSPORT.com transfer tales…Exclusive – Former Sunderland star issues Poyet with relegation warningExclusive – Van Gaal warning! Man United boss told he is wasting Di MariaManchester United have NOT made decision on Falcao’s futureMan United transfer report: Van Gaal says ‘no’ to permanent Falcao dealMan United and Liverpool join La Liga giants in race for Argentinean starLiverpool face battle for Italian starletCould Carlos Tevez return to the Premier League? Juventus striker stalling over new dealManchester City target in ‘advanced talks’ about Barcelona departure, confirms agentDutch giants to fight Celtic for Man City strikerSouthampton keep tabs on Rayo Vallecano hotshotReports – Barcelona star nears New York City switchInter join Arsenal and Man United in transfer race for midfield starPremier League quartet to be handed transfer blow?last_img read more

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ATHLETICS: ROSSES AC NOTES

first_imgCongratulations to our 8 under 13 and under 15 athletes who competed in Birmingham at the UK Sportshall Athletics Finals representing Donegal and Ulster. Their coach and Donegal team manager Louise Gillespie was hugely impressed with the strong competition and some great performances. This is a great experience for our athletes. Well done to Tara Harley – Braade, Jessica Oglesby – Keadue, Saskia Boyle – Keadue, Caoimhe Boyle – Mullaghduff, Ultan Boyle, Nicole Boyle – Ballymanus, Sarah Doherty – Calhame and Fola Mc Fadden – Gaoth Dobhair.There was a great turnout to the last race in our 5k Spring Series. John McCallion ran out race winner on the day closely followed by the ever improving Eamonn O’Donnell and Johnny Wilson. Noreen McGee lead the ladies home from Deirdre Diver and Hazel Scorer. There were many category winners and well done and huge thanks to all who ran, walked and supported in any way. Special thanks to the Donegal Airport for the use of the excellent facilities. There are pictures on facebook so check them out.The Thursday evening session at the Industrial Estate in Gweedore will continue for another few weeks up to the North West 10k where we will look to get a strong showing from all senior athletes in the club that day. It is a great family event to jog, run or walk. New vests are now in stock so please contact Ita Gallagher on 087 1309536 for details.  ATHLETICS: ROSSES AC NOTES was last modified: April 9th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Rosses AC noteslast_img read more

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Uganda Cubs dare Tanzania in AFCON Regional qualifiers’ semis

first_img Tags: AFCON U17 regional qualifiersPeter Onentopuganda cubs The Uganda Cubs need to win the tournament to qualify for next year’s African Cup of Nations (Photo by FUFA Media)AFCON U17 Regional QualifiersTanzania vs UgandaNational Stadium-Dar es Salaam, TanzaniaFriday, 24-08-2018 @05:00pmDar es Salaam – Having made it out of the groups on Wednesday thanks to a 8-0 win over Djibouti, the Uganda Cubs will be back in action on Friday as they take on hosts-Tanzania in the second semifinal of the AFCON U17 Regional qualifiers.Peter Onen’s Boys did it the hard way, requiring three consecutive victories to progress after losing their maiden bow 1-0 to Ethiopia.For Tanzania, they topped group A and having already qualified for the tournament proper as hosts, they are using the games as preparations for next year’s event.What the coaches are saying:Tanzania coach, Charles Mirambo.“We are not looking for a chance to qualify for AFCON but rather using this tournament to see how far we have gone in terms of preparations.“We want to use the game against Uganda to continue consistence.“The Boys are ready to win and am sure that is what the country is expecting from us.Uganda coach Peter Onen.“The game against Tanzania is a decisive match for us.“They (Tanzania) have already qualified but we also need to come and do what is required to join them.“Tanzania being at home, they have all the support, play very entertaining football and am sure they will make the home crowd very proud.“For us we are not here to make anyone proud in terms of entertainment and i am sure they will please the crowd but we will go with the win.Tanzania will go into the game full of confidence having won the just concluded CECAFA U17 championship in Burundi, four months ago.The ‘Young Taifa Stars’ defeated Somalia to be crowned the regional champions as Uganda finished third after thumping Kenya 4-1 in the losers match.In that same tournament, both sides met in the opener and managed a one all draw with Uganda scoring late through Moses Bakabulinde to earn a point.The other semifinal will see Ethiopia take on Group B runners-up Rwanda at the same venue.With Tanzania already qualified as hosts, the best team amongst the remaining three will qualify for next year’s AFCON tournament.For Uganda, they need to defeat Tanzania and then go on to win the tournament so as to earn a spot in the tournament proper.Comments last_img read more

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