Work hoarse?

first_img Comments are closed. Work hoarse?On 1 Aug 2001 in Personnel Today Related posts:No related photos. More and more people use their voice at work whether in a call centre or aclassroom.  This presents a challenge theOH team which needs to help workers develop strategies to look after theirvocal health.  By Carey Gardner In modern societies about one third of the labour force works in professionsin which the voice is the primary tool. And this number is in- creasing withthe development of new employment arenas such as telephone banking and callcentres. Recent research has suggested that teachers, trainers and instructorscomprise a large proportion of the population who seek help and therapy forvoice disorders. Although voice problems are common, they are most common inprofessions where there is a heavy vocal loading, for example, prolonged voiceuse, long speaking distances and in the presence of background noise1. Smith et al2 found that schoolteachers report voice problems at a rate ofnearly three times that of a randomly selected group of individuals who workedin a variety of other occupations2. The voice is the primary instrument of communication for humans bothsocially and in the workplace. Although rarely life-threatening, voice problemscan have a tremendous impact on daily life3. According to Perkins, because the human voice is a powerful indicator of anindividual’s physical and emotional health, personality, identity and aestheticorientation as well as an acoustic signal for speech, singing, drama andemotional expression, voice disorders may exert a profound effect on affectedindividuals4. Voice disorders can result from many causes including disease processes, congenitalabnormalities, faulty use of the vocal mechanism, and psychogenic causes. Themajority of voice disorders are due to the latter two factors, that isfunctional rather than organic causes5. Koufman6 suggests that the voice in actuality is the entire person, sinceany abnormality of the psyche or soma can give rise to an abnormality of thevoice. Therefore, the voice is a measure of a person’s overall sense ofwell-being. He also claims that traditional medicine has created a dichotomousmodel of disease – organic versus functional – but many voice disorders can beboth organic and functional simultaneously. However, this dichotomy has littlerelevance to understanding the management of voice disorders. The causes of voice change Voice changes appear to be associated with vocalisations that occur overlong periods of time, at a high volume, at an unusual pitch, with excessive orinappropriate tension, in the presence of unhealthy vocal fold tissue or due toa combination of these factors7. Over the past 10 years there have been several studies that have sought toidentify the nature, frequency and risk factors that contribute to voicesymptoms experienced by teachers. However, research is important in identifyingrisk factors for any profession where there is a heavy vocal loading andenvironmental risk factors. A survey by Sapir et al8, which was designed to assess the prevalence andimpact of voice loss, suggested that it was prevalent among teachers. More thanhalf of teachers suffered more than three voice symptoms, and these symptomsadversely affected their ability to teach effectively. Teachers also felt thattheir voice was a chronic source of frustration or stress to them8. In research by Smith et al2 teachers complained that teaching had an adverseimpact on their voices, and 39 per cent had cut down on their teachingactivities as a result. Further research on teachers in comparison to individuals working in otheroccupations, suggested that teachers are at a high risk for disability fromvoice disorders and that this health problem may have significant work-relatedand economic effects: 20 per cent of teachers but only 4 per cent ofnon-teachers had missed work due to voice problems2. A group of aerobics instructors were studied by Long et al9. Results showedthat a significant number of instructors experienced partial or complete voiceloss during and after instruction, as well as increased episodes of hoarsenessand sore throats unrelated to illness. Several studies indicate teaching produces a high risk of voice symptoms,and that the problem is related to vocally abusive behaviours associated withthe occupation. This health problem may have significant work-related andeconomic effects on the affected individual. The working environment Individuals who use their speaking voice as the main instrument of theirprofession are often required to speak for prolonged periods where optimalvoice quality and projection is demanded, in environments which are notconducive, and where they are required to place exceptional and continualdemands on their voices in stressful circumstances. Noise Background noise can be significant in the development of vocal symptoms.Individuals will increase the volume of their voice in noisy situations inorder to be heard. Therefore, vocal intensity and the consequential strainincrease proportionately in order to communicate effectively in noisyenvironments10. Humidity and temperature A hot dry environment can be detrimental to the voice and humidification maybe required, especially during the winter. Dehydration should be avoided sincethis can affect the vocal process and it is important to have access todrinking water to lubricate the vocal system. Pace of work and job content Prolonged periods of using the voice can contribute to vocal fatigue. Notall vocal demands are of equal importance. Therefore a schedule of work thatleaves room for voice rest and recovery should be developed. If workers are suffering vocal problems and throat symptoms due to thenature of their work this has important implications from an occupationalhealth point of view since employers have responsibilities under legislationsuch as the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and the Management of Health andSafety at Work Regulations 1992. This legislation requires employers to carryout systematic health and safety inspections of their premises and practicesand to identify any risks or hazards to their workers arising from thosepremises or practices. Employers are then required to take action to eliminatethe risks and hazards to health identified, or reduce them as far as is reasonablypracticable. Remedial action could apply to environmental considerations such as roomacoustics, speaking duration, distance, humidity and noise levels. Combined with remedial environmental changes, where required, and areduction in risk factors associated with vocal abuse and overuse, thedevelopment of health education programmes focusing on the voice may help to preventthe development of voice symptoms. Education would increase awareness of the factors that affect voice health,and encourage workers to become more attentive to the risk factors that lead tovocal fatigue and discomfort. Chan has detailed a programme of vocal hygiene education. This programmeincludes: – Education on the anatomy and physiology of the vocal system – Explanation of vocal abuses, talking loudly, forced whispering, forexample – Lifestyle behaviours that can affect voice health – smoking, caffeine, andalcohol, for instance – Education on healthy vocal use including strategies to maintain order, bynon-vocal signals such as clapping, which aims to conserve the voice – Moving closer to the target audience to alleviate the need for strenuousvocal effort11. The impact of a voice disorder on an individual is considered immeasurable,and the resulting symptoms such as vocal fatigue, hoarseness, voice loss anddiscomfort of the throat, can affect a worker’s ability to function andtherefore may have significant work-related and economic effects. Voice dysfunction can lead to increased sickness absence, reduced effectivenessand may in severe circum- stances, lead to the individual leaving employment. Clear evidence is emerging from a number of recent studies for developmentof strategies and educational programmes for the maintenance of voice health. The voice is the primary instrument of one-third of the labour force and assuch every effort should be made to protect it. References1. Vilkman E (2000) Voice problems at work: a challenge for occupationalsafety and health arrangement. Folia Phoniatr Logop 52(1-3):120. 2. Smith E, Lemke J, Taylor M, Kirchner HL, Hoffman H (1998) Frequency ofvoice problems among teachers and other occupations. Journal Voice, 2(4):480-8.3. Garrett.CG, Ossoff RH (1999) Hoarseness. Medical Clinics of NorthAmerica, 83 (1):115-123. 4. Perkins WH (1971) Vocal function: a behavioural analysis. In:Travis LE,ed. Handbook of speech, pathology and audiology. New York: Appleton-CenturyCrofts. 5. Herrington-Hall BL, Lee L, Stemple JC, Niemi KR, McHone M (1988)Description of laryngeal pathologies by age, sex and occupation in a treatmentseeking sample. .Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 53:57-64. 6.Koufman, James A. Medicine in the vocal arts. Center for Voice Disordersof Wake Forest University. http://www.bgsm.edu/voice/medicine_vocal_arts.html 7. Gotaas C, Starr CD (1993) Vocal fatigue among teachers. Folia Phoniatr(Basel), 45(3):120-1. 8. Sapir S, Keidar A, Mathers-Schmidt B (1993) Vocal attrition in teachers: surveyfindings.European Journal of Disorders of Communication, 28 (2): 177. 9. Long J, Williford HN, Olson MS, Wolfe. (1998) Voice problems and riskfactors among aerobics instructors. Journal Voice, 12(2):197-207. 10. Rontal E, Rontal M, Jacob HJ, Rolnick MI (1979) Vocal cord dysfunction –an industrial health hazard. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol,88(pt 1):818-21. 11. Chan RW (1994) Does the voice improve with vocal hygiene education? Astudy of some instrumental voice measures in a group of kindergarten teachers.Journal Voice, 8(3):279-91. Carey Gardner RGN, BA(hons), BSc OHN (Bristol) Specialist NursePractitioner is a health adviser for Bupa Wellness (Cardiff) The manifestation of voice disordersVocal fatigue a problem that begins to occur as the speaking dayprogresses and which worsens during the dayLaryngeal fatigue affects the physical sensations and effort andperceptual quality of voice productionHoarseness a term used to describe a change in a person’s normalvoice quality or change in normal pitch, vocal abuse is one of the most commoncauses of hoarseness and can lead to other vocal pathologies such as vocalnodulesAphonia loss of voiceOdynophonia pain and soreness in the throat with prolonged vocal useVoice break or voce “crack”A loss of pitch range Previous Article Next Articlelast_img read more

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In my world: Pop-up shops

first_imgJo Fairley is co-owner of Judges organic bakery and grocery shop in Hastings and co-founded and sold Green & Black’s chocolate firm, with hubby Craig Sams’Pop-up shops’ are the retail buzz, right now. As bricks-and-mortar stores strive to compete with online sales, the swiftest way to add a little pizzazz to a retail offering is to showcase someone else’s wares for a day, a week, a couple of months to excite customers and keep them coming back to see what’s hip and happening. At the top end of the scale, you’ve got leathergoods brand Hermès at Liberty, the mini-Barbie store at the achingly hip Dover Street Market or the Icecreamists (an extraordinary punk ice-cream boutique), which had queues through the basement of Selfridges.And, in the past 18 months, Judges Bakery our Hastings artisan bakery has popped up in several places, too; in Selfridges first of all where we installed our own display for bread, muesli and our famous pink meringue pigs, which had won us Daily Candy’s Sweetest Thing award; then who’d have thought it? Topshop asked us if we’d plonk ourselves down in the middle of that other Oxford Street fashion emporium for London Fashion Week, to tempt shoppers with our brownies, flapjacks and oat-and-ginger cookies. Although logistically challenging as Topshop is 60 miles from our doorstep we leapt at the opportunity, although with hindsight, trying to sell calorific treats to girls wanting to fit into flimsy dresses designed by Kate Moss wasn’t such a great idea, but it was probably worth it for the PR value alone.Now, our bakery looks poised to open another little pop-up one which, in time, could prove much more commercially interesting in the centre of our home town, with much more footfall than we currently enjoy in the quaint Old Town. We will be partnering with another ’eco’ retailer, where our organic baked goods can sit happily. For them it’s a chance to boost traffic; for us, it’s a way of seeing whether another outlet would work for us, for very little investment. We already own most of the props and fittings required, because we ’rotate’ what’s in our flagship shop to maintain excitement there and daily deliveries can initially be made by taxi, without the need for our own van. We can maximise production in the bakery, without adding to our overheads.Yes, the owner will have to immerse herself in our bakery for a few days to learn to tell her baguettes from her bloomers. Yes, we’ll have to spend some time creating the right ’look’ in our section of the store. But for zero rent we’ll absorb her wastage, at least until she learns what sells and what doesn’t we get a foot in the door of a fresh retail outlet for three months, to test the waters in another location.last_img read more

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Listen To Ween’s Incredible Set From Bonnaroo [Full Audio]

first_imgUpdate 7:00 PM: Full video has emerged of this great set! Tune in below.After a five year hiatus, 2016 has been a celebratory year for fans of the band Ween. The group is sounding tighter and more enthusiastic than ever, and their performances in Colorado, New York, and more have only solidified their triumphant return. Last night, the band played to their biggest 2016 audience, playing at the Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival for the fifth time in their career (2002, 2004, 2007, 2010).The set featured a number of Ween classics, opening with “Transdermal Celebration” and bringing out “Roses Are Free,” “The Stallion Pt. 3,” and “Spinal Meningitis (Got Me Down)” to start the show. The set kept rocking with one hit after the next!Thanks to Boognish Monster’s capture of the SiriusXM Jam On stream, we have full audio from this great Bonnaroo set. Check it out below, and use the top left icon to navigate between songs.Setlist: Ween at Bonnaroo, Manchester, TN – 6/12/16Set: Transdermal Celebration, Roses Are Free, The Stallion pt 3, Spinal Meningitis (Got Me Down), Happy Colored Marbles, Buckingham Green, Your Party, The Grobe, Nan, Take Me Away, Touch My Tooter, Ocean Man, Did You See Me?, The Mollusk[Setlist via Brownbase, Photo via Boognish Monster]last_img read more

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Guinea worm closer to eradication as cases halve in a year

first_imgDAKAR, Senegal (AP) — A new report says just over two dozen people in the world are infected with Guinea worm, and community programs are close to eradicating the disease in which a meter-long worm slowly emerges from a blister in a person’s skin. The U.S.-based Carter Center, which leads the eradication campaign, says just 27 cases were reported in 2020 in six countries in sub-Saharan Africa, or half the number of cases in 2019. Guinea worm is poised to be the second human disease to be eradicated after smallpox.last_img

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US Provides 200 More Ventilators to Brazil to Respond to COVID-19

first_imgBy U.S. Embassy in Brazil August 10, 2020 The U.S. government, through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), donated on July 29, a second shipment of 200 brand new, state-of-the-art ventilators to Brazil to assist its fight against COVID-19.The ventilators, produced in the United States, reflect leading-edge and in-demand technology. They are compact, deployable, and provide Brazil with flexibility in treating patients affected by the virus. For patients whose lungs are not working adequately despite receiving oxygen, this vital resource may prove lifesaving.U.S. Ambassador to Brazil, Todd C. Chapman, highlighted the initiative: “We continue to deliver on the agenda President Trump set to strengthen our relationship with Brazil. With now this second shipment of 200 ventilators, we are delivering on the promise by President Trump. These ventilators are intended to assist those Brazilians who need them most.”USAID is funding a tailored package of additional support, which includes service and warranty, as well as accessories such as monitoring equipment, tubes, and filters. This donation builds on the more than $15 million that the U.S. government has committed to Brazil in response to the pandemic, and approximately $55 million from U.S. companies in Brazil.Other U.S. government-funded efforts include emergency activities in health, water, sanitation, and hygiene; immediate support to vulnerable communities in the Amazon, including risk-communications and community engagement; the prevention and control of infections in health facilities, water and sanitation, and disease-surveillance and rapid response; support for refugees and host communities as they deal with the pandemic; and incentives to the private sector to address the non-health impacts of the disease on rural and vulnerable urban populations.On July 21, the U.S. government, though the Department of Defense, announced it will donate a field hospital in Bacanal, a city 240 kilometers from São Luís, Maranhão state, which will have 40 beds, stretchers, air conditioners, cleaning supplies, and power generators. In addition to the hospital structure and supplies, the U.S. will donate $50,000 in kits with personal hygiene products and $50,000 in foods baskets to the state of Maranhão.For decades, the United States has been the world’s largest provider of bilateral assistance in health. Since 2009, American taxpayers have generously funded more than $100 billion in health assistance and nearly $70 billion in humanitarian assistance.last_img read more

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FDA details year’s progress on food protection plan

first_img To improve adverse-event reporting, the FDA said it has awarded a contract to develop a reportable food registry and has expanded its drug event database to include adverse feed incidents. The agency reported that it has enhanced its data-mining capabilities for adverse events. In a statement yesterday, Jeff Levi, PhD, executive director of Trust for America’s Health (TFAH), a nonprofit health advocacy group based in Washington, DC, said commended the FDA for moving forward on key food safety initiatives, but he said the nation still lacks a real plan for food protection. The agency said it has taken several measures to speed state responses to foodborne illness outbreaks, such as sponsoring 10 incident command training sessions and working with localities to quickly search more than 2,100 Asian markets for baby formula and other milk products that could potentially be contaminated with melamine. In April, TFAH released a report on gaps in the nation’s food safety system, including what it described as obsolete laws, misallocated resources, and inconsistencies among the government agencies responsible for food safety. Response stepsAs a means of improving response to foodborne illness outbreaks, the FDA said it has expanded its geographic information system (GIS) capabilities to better manage emergency response resources. According to the report, the FDA has formed a steering committee to transition a data mining technology tool for screening imported food—the Predictive Risk-based Evaluation for Dynamic Import Compliance Targeting (PREDICT) system—from the pilot phase to agency-wide use. The 13-page report, which appears on the FDA’s Web site, follows up on a 6-month progress report released in July. Yesterday’s report includes the previous accomplishments, plus several more recent ones, such as opening food safety offices in China. “America’s food safety system has not been seriously upgraded in more than 100 years, and too many Americans get sick each year from preventable foodborne illnesses,” Levi said. “The FDA should articulate to Congress and the American people what resources are needed over the long-term to achieve the goals and define milestones for how to measure success.” To boost laboratory capacity, the FDA reported it is using a high-throughput facility in Denver to test food and enhance data quality and has awarded cooperative agreements to all Food Emergency Response Network (FERN) laboratories to upgrade facilities, conduct training on new testing methods, or increase sample analysis capacity. Yesterday’s report details steps in three main areas: prevention, intervention, and response. FDA Commissioner Andrew von Eschenbach said in a press release yesterday that cutting-edge technology has helped the agency accomplish some of its Food Protection Plan goals. Prevention measuresIn the report, the FDA said much of its recent work on preventing safety problems has centered on getting other groups on board with its Food Protection Plan. For example, in August the FDA held a 50-state meeting in St Louis that gathered more than 200 partners to discuss food safety challenges and initiatives. Intervention achievementsThe FDA said it inspected 5,930 high-risk food establishments during the 2008 fiscal year and piloted an inspection program for high-risk firms in Denver and Minneapolis during the Democratic and Republican national conventions. Aug 26 CIDRAP News story “12 deaths reported in Canadian Listeria outbreak” Consumer and health advocates weigh inChris Waldrop, director of the Food Policy Institute at the Consumer Federation of America, based in Washington, DC, told CIDRAP News that the FDA has been very active over the past year and that it’s useful to see a list of their accomplishments. However, he said the measures don’t address the underlying need for food safety reforms and better performance standards for food producers. “These issues weren’t in the Food Protection Plan from the beginning,” he said. Also, the FDA said it has launched a host of tools for improving food safety. For example, the FDA has hosted Web seminars to train food industry workers on how to use CARVER, a self-assessment tool for minimizing the risk of intentional contamination. (CARVER is an acronym that stands for criticality, accessibility, recuperability, vulnerability, effect, and recognizability.) The FDA has also translated the ALERT-based Web tool for food defense and preparedness into Spanish and translated other program material into French and Portuguese. Von Eschenbach also commented on the extensive collaboration that has helped the FDA put the plan into practice. “Every day, the FDA is working with foreign countries, state and local governments, regulated industry, and consumer groups to ensure the safety of the food supply,” he said. Dec 2, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a report yesterday detailing the first year of accomplishments in implementing its Food Protection Plan, a road map the agency presented in November 2007 in response to a spate of contamination incidents involving domestic and imported food. According to the report, the agency is soliciting stakeholder comments on a plan to improve industry standards for minimizing pathogens in fresh fruit and vegetables. He also said FDA’s new draft compliance guide on Listeria monocytogenes appears to weaken the government’s zero-tolerance standard for the pathogen. “This is headed in the wrong direction,” Waldrop said, adding that some other nations are pushing to weaken international Listeria standards. He said Canada’s recent Listeria outbreak serves as a reminder of how lethal the pathogen can be, particularly in a cross-contamination setting such as a retail deli. Other prevention accomplishments have included approving the use of irradiation to control pathogens in lettuce and spinach, sponsoring discussions on rapid detection technologies, and developing methods to detect melamine and cyanuric acid in feed ingredients, antibiotics in distiller’s grains, and prohibited proteins in animal feed. The FDA also said it developed a method to detect multidrug-resistant Salmonella in seafood. Dec 1 FDA press release Waldrop said some recent events might give the impression that the FDA is backtracking on food safety issues. For example, he said the agency was believed to be close to issuing a final rule on reducing Salmonella levels in shell eggs, but recently stepped back from it. Jul 2 CIDRAP News story “FDA claims progress on food protection plan” To address prevention efforts aimed at imported foods, the FDA said it has hired staff for its offices in China and India and has drafted its first 12-month work plan for the China office. The agency also sponsored a food defense research symposium for Middle Eastern countries. Following up on the ALERT initiative, the FDA and other federal partners launched a food-defense training kit for front-line employees in the food and agriculture industries. In its ongoing tomato safety initiative, aimed at reducing Salmonella contamination, the FDA said it is planning to include an additional area, northern Florida, and is analyzing its findings from other Florida growing areas and Virginia to prepare a report for the industry and other stakeholders. See also: Release of the progress report comes on the heels of a recent critique from the Pew Charitable Trusts of the federal response to this year’s nationwide Salmonella Saintpaul outbreak. The group said the outbreak, which sickened more than 1,400 people, exposed several gaps in the nation’s food safety system, such as the lack of mandatory safety controls for fresh produce. FDA officials have faulted Congress for not giving the agency the authority it needs to establish such mandates. In order to speed recall alerts, the FDA reported it is developing a searchable recall database that will allow it to more quickly get information from companies and professional associations. To enhance traceability of potentially contaminated food, the FDA said it is working with industry and other stakeholders to determine the best practices for product tracing and has announced two public meetings to address the issue. Apr 30 CIDRAP News story “Health group urges overhaul of US food safety system”last_img read more

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Germany mulls taking in more migrants after Lesbos fire

first_imgThe German government said Monday it was in talks to take in families with children left homeless after a huge fire devastated the Moria migrant camp on the Greek island of Lesbos.Germany has already signed up to a European scheme to host unaccompanied minors from the camp, promising to take in around 150 of the 400 arrivals.Speaking to reporters in Berlin, Chancellor Angela Merkel’s spokesman Steffen Seibert called the help for the minors “a first step” but said more needed to be done to alleviate the suffering of some 12,000 migrants sleeping rough since last week’s blaze. German media reported that a deal could be agreed as early as Wednesday, when Merkel holds her regular cabinet meeting.Foreign Minister Heiko Maas told a press conference he expected Germany’s left-right coalition government to reach an agreement “in the next two days”.Finance Minister and Vice Chancellor Olaf Scholz separately said that Germany, as the bloc’s biggest country and economic powerhouse, “must take a substantial second step” when it comes to helping the Moria migrants and refugees.”I want to clearly convey… that we will come to an agreement,” he said.He reiterated however that the European Union must finally come up with a joint response to the continent’s migrant issues.Germans are still deeply polarised by Merkel’s 2015 decision to keep the borders open to allow in hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers, and plans to take in more people from Moria are likely to stir debate.At the same time, a string of German cities and regions have said they are prepared to house migrants from Moria, piling pressure on the federal government to take further action.Seibert on Monday called the destruction of the Moria camp, in an apparent arson attack, a “humanitarian emergency, a one-off emergency situation”.Lesbos is the main port of entry for arrivals in EU member state Greece because of its close proximity to Turkey. The Moria camp was several times over its official capacity, leaving residents living in dire conditions. Topics :center_img “Talks are now ongoing in the federal government about how else Germany can help, what other substantial contribution our country can make,” he said.A “second step” would focus on families with children from the camp, Seibert said, echoing earlier comments by Interior Minister Horst Seehofer.The spokesman declined to put a number on how many families Germany might take in.Germany’s top-selling Bild daily, citing government sources, said Merkel was willing to welcome “hundreds of children and their families, perhaps even thousands”.last_img read more

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Indigenous peoples injured in clash with state-owned plantation company in N. Sumatra

first_img“We tried to block them, but we weren’t strong enough so we were stampeded by PTPN II forces, even my child was stepped on,” Nur’ainun told The Jakarta Post on Tuesday while holding back tears due to the pain she felt from her injured leg.Fauzi, another one of the injured, said he was beaten up by five people wearing PTPN II security guard and TNI uniforms when he tried to stop them from damaging a post set up by a local nongovernmental organization. “They were very brutal,” Fauzi told the Post. “I saw many indigenous peoples being chased around and hit with bricks, wood and fists.”Fauzi sustained injuries to his head, lips and forehead due to the beating. Dozens of indigenous peoples of Kampung Durian Selamak, Langkat regency, North Sumatra were injured in a clash with security forces on Tuesday after attempting to block state-owned plantation company PT Perkebunan Nusantara II (PTPN II) from occupying their customary land.Those injured, mostly women, said they were hit by PTPN II security guards who were assisted by local police and Indonesian Military (TNI) personnel.Nur’ainun, one of the injured, said local residents were trying to block PTPN II’s heavy machinery from entering the land but were unable to do so because they were outnumbered. Wina Khairina, a member of the Kampung Durian Selemak advocacy team, condemned the actions of the security forces and said the team had reported the incident to the police.“We hope our report is processed immediately because many people have been victimized,” Wina said, adding that she hoped the government would support the residents in this land dispute.Langkat Police intelligence division head Adj. Comr. Suherman Siregar declined to comment on the incident when contacted by the Post.Indigenous Peoples Alliance of the Archipelago (AMAN) North Sumatra branch head Ansyurdin said the clash was a warning from PTPN II for the local residents to immediately vacate the 117-hectare area of land on Sept. 24.“PTPN II offered to pay residents Rp 2 million [US$134] per hectare and Rp 20 million for each house, but the indigenous community rejected their offer,” Ansyurdin said. “Maybe because they were frustrated, PTPN II threatened to destroy all the houses of the indigenous peoples of Kampung Durian Selemak.”Ansyurdin said 500 families currently lived in the village and had cultivated the land there for decades, planting vegetables and fruits such as oranges. He said each resident made around Rp 2.5 million per month from the crops.“That income is very important for them to fulfill their daily needs,” he said.Amnesty International Indonesia deputy director Ary Hermawan also spoke out against the incident, saying it was the latest in a string of clashes between indigenous peoples and companies looking to evict them from their land.”The government and security forces have to understand that land is a living resource that many indigenous communities use to fulfill their socioeconomic rights, including food, water, work and shelter,” Ary said in a statement on Wednesday. “Many of these rights cannot be enjoyed without access to land.”When contacted by the Post about the clash, PTPN II lawyer Ali Yusran Gea declined to comment.“Sorry, I cannot comment on that issue,” he told the Post on Tuesday night.A day before the clash, PTPN II lawyer Sastra had announced that the company would seek to clear land in several locations, including Kampung Durian Selemak, to accelerate national sugar production.“The clearing of all land owned by PTPN II must be conducted immediately in order to fulfill and support national sugar production that has been planned by the government and the PTPN II management,” Sastra said on Monday. (kmt)Topics :last_img read more

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NCAA Selection

first_imgAs the tourney continues on, we will finally see just how much the NCAA Selection Committee got the seeds right.  It is hard for me to believe that they seem to work so hard to prove a point.  The point I am referring to is their yearly snub of certain conferences.  It took several years before Gonzaga got any respect from the Selection Committee.  Of course, when they finally gave them a #1 seed, they made sure that they would not make it to the final four by loading their bracket with power teams.This year it seemed they did the same thing to Wichita State.  Wichita was not supposed to make it to the Final Four last year, but they did!  I am sure the Committee kept hoping that someone would beat them so they didn’t have to give them a number one seed this year.  Even though Kansas lost 9 games, they were still a #2 seed.  I am sure Kansas would have to lose 15 or more games before the NCAA would keep them out of the tourney.The Committee has at least been forced to recognize the smaller conference by at least taking them into the tourney.  You can see that they do not respect any of them, because most of them are #15 or #16 seeds.  Who will be the Florida Atlantic or DCU this year?last_img read more

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Boys Area Basketball Sectional Scores (3-4)

first_imgBoys Area Basketball Sectional ScoresWednesday  (3-4)Class 1A-Sectional 60 @ Southwestern ShelbyJac-Cen-Del  63     Southwestern  55Oldenburg  42     Hauser  39Class 3A-Sectional 29 @ ConnersvilleSouth Dearborn  51     Rushville  48Batesville  47     Franklin County  38last_img

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