Future fuel

first_imgBy K.C. DasUniversity of Georgia Targeted GHG reductions can unintentionally eliminate some promising technologies that are lagging behind because of late starts, such as algae-based biofuels. Anaerobic digestion, a well-developed technology, is not considered because the energy output (methane gas) isn’t a liquid transportation fuel at room temperature. A similar process called landfill bioreactor produces methane biogas which can be converted to compressed natural gas. Its GHG emissions are 17 percent less than its fossil-based equivalent. Anaerobic digestion can create jobs and produce net income to farms and small biofuels producers. UGA researchers are developing a system that combines anaerobic digestion with algae production. Current regulatory policies don’t readily support developing such integrated solutions in early development. More pilot-scale testing could help move them to the marketplace faster. Federal agencies seem focused on large-scale demonstrations before pilot-scale research is completed.Welcomed policy changeCarbon sequestration is a welcomed change in national policy. Current regulatory emphasis favors carbon capture and storage through geological storage of compressed CO2. Although potentially a reliable technique, this approach favors larger-scale sequestration.One example of a smaller-scale method is using biochar, a byproduct of pyrolysis, a high-temperature breakdown of cellulosic materials that produces a liquid hydrocarbon, which could be converted to green diesel or other liquid fuels. Biochar has high carbon content and stays in the soil for decades, increasing agricultural productivity and sequestering carbon for a long time. However, the regulatory framework doesn’t favor developing this technology.There is great promise for biofuels to augment our energy supply. New ideas, technologies and discoveries are emerging from universities and research centers daily. Development and use of these discoveries could be faster if regulatory framework would support deeper exploration into novel crops that don’t pit fuel against food. Encourage innovationWe need policies to encourage processes and technologies that create jobs and income for farms and small businesses. We need support that allows us to investigate diverse feedstocks and low-cost, efficient production methods that protect and enhance the environment. If we are to reach 36 billion gallons of biofuels in our transportation fuel mix by 2022 while reducing GHG emissions, all avenues of exploration must be open and barriers to development removed. (K.C. Das is director of the Biorefining and Carbon Cycling Program with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and Faculty of Engineering. This editorial was presented as testimony before the U.S. House Committee on Small Business’ subcommittee on regulations and healthcare.) The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 charges the U.S. to add 36 billion gallons of biofuels to the country’s transportation fuel mix by 2022. Continued investment in research, development and deployment are required to achieve this goal.Recent scientific studies warn that increasing land use for producing biomass for biofuels would increase greenhouse gas, or GHG, emissions compared to gasoline. Some may disagree with these studies. However, they do show the weakness in expanding a crop-based fuel system without planning for sustainability.If we continue to try to produce more biomass from the current spectrum of crop choices, GHG emission restrictions could put small biofuel producers and family farms at a disadvantage. Reduced emissions require crops that are easier to grow; require less money to plant, harvest and water; and are easier to process. Needed production improvementsCorn ethanol production in the U.S. consumes a quarter of the country’s corn crop. Increasing ethanol production to the targeted 15 billion gallons a year by 2022 will double the corn required. That increase will impact land and water needs and create environmental concerns. We need to improve the productivity of corn and other biofuels crops and incorporate improvements into the production process. Producing lignocellulosic ethanol or other advanced biofuels, or green diesel, is a challenge. Technology development in this field has advanced, but most U.S. facilities are still in the early-demonstration phase. Using existing forestry and agriculture residues for biofuels would have minimal environmental impact while creating opportunity for small businesses and farms.Forestry and agriculture generate significant biomass. According to the Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, forestlands can produce 368 million dry tons of biomass annually. Current legislative definitions make renewable forest biomass off-limits to biofuels companies. Definitions must be changed, while maintaining the resources’ sustainability.Data from the UGA Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources suggests collecting residues and producing chips for biofuel production costs $11 to $12 per ton delivered to mills. Food v. fuelIt’s crucial that we have a diverse source of biomass that doesn’t compete with food supplies. Diversity allows different geographical regions to focus on crops best suited to local conditions. Current federal funding often favors specific feedstocks, hampering development and transfer technology for novel crops. Many novel crops are being explored. For example, a recent UGA study looked at using a multi-benefit winter cover crop, oil seed radish, for its biofuels potential. UGA scientists led a global team in sequencing the sorghum genome and are now working toward understanding how we can use the information to produce biofuels at lower costs in poor soils. Targets eliminate possibilitieslast_img read more

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Saint Leo Attack Too Much for West Florida

first_img Sept. 2, 2007 Box Score  SAINT LEO, Fla. – In a rematch of last season’s NCAA Division II Regional Semifinal match that ended with the Argonauts winning in a shootout, West Florida (1-2-0) was unable to overcome a late second half goal and fell to Saint Leo (2-1-0) 2-1 Sunday afternoon at University Field on the Saint Leo campus.Following a two hour delay due to lightning in the area, the teams battled in the midfield for the first fifteen before the Lions were able to crack the score board at the 28th minute of the first half. A pair of thru balls opened a lane for Chrissy Darwell, leaving her with a one-on-one opportunity, against the Argonauts goal keeper Courtney Jones (So. / Panama City, Fla.).West Florida tied the match 12 minutes into the second half, when Lura Carter (Jr. / Tallahassee, Fla.) sent the ball into the box on a set play and Jodi Galucci (So. / Stuart, Fla.) finished the opportunity netting her first goal of the season.The Lions answered back at the 72:10 mark of the match. Bridgett Godwin ran the ball down in the corner and sent a cross to Sara Macko who settled it and put away the eventual game winner.”They got an early goal and had a lot of momentum with their fans there,” said head coach Joe Bartlinski. “We battled back and were able to equalize but made some mistakes due to our youth.”It was good to see us battled back the way we did, but we need just a bit more soccer maturity to break though for better results. They are going to have to learn and on a faster curve then most young player get.”It was Saint Leo’s first victory over West Florida in eight all-time meetings. Up next for the Argonauts is a weekend road trip to Rollins and Florida Southern. On Friday they take on the Tars at 5 p.m. CT and the Moccasin at 1 p.m. CT. Fans can follow the action with “Live Stats” at goargos.com on the Women’s Soccer home page. Print Friendly Version Share Saint Leo Attack Too Much for West Floridalast_img read more

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Business confidence firms

first_img5 August 2009Business confidence inched up slightly in June, the South African Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SACCI) reports, with contributing factors including higher export volumes and lower inflation.South Africa’s Business Confidence Index (BCI) increased to 83.2 points in July from 83.1 points in June.The chamber said this week that although July’s BCI was 4.4 points higher than the 78.9 points registered in March, its was still “flirting” with lows last seen in the first half of 2003.“Business confidence remains sensitive, and each month there are areas in the business environment which show vulnerability to the prevailing economic conditions.”Disruptions to businessThe chamber said that despite the current economic dispensation, disruptions to business caused by strikes and service delivery protests contributed to a tense, volatile business environment.“Such activity will further dampen business and investor confidence, and would undermine growth prospects and job opportunities at a vulnerable stage in the business cycle.”The organisation said that, given the increase in the number of unemployed people and the depth of the recession, there were growing irreconcilable demands on the economy.“SACCI is of the opinion that the economy may be at a tipping point, and will be adversely impacted if not appropriately managed and if restraint is not exercised in respect of the aforementioned demands.”Signs of resilienceThe chamber added, however, that South Africa had shown signs of resilience to the economic downturn, with improvements in the rand exchange rate, consumer inflation and producer deflation that would provide the basis for an economic recovery.“Until there are indications that the depth of the challenges encountered in the business environment is appreciated, and that such appreciation is reflected in the behaviour of all economic stakeholders, the BCI is likely to remain tentative,” it said.Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

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Pole dancing eyes Olympics after recognition by sports body

first_imgLOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary “In the early 2000s people started doing it as fitness and taking away the sex stigma, so no high heels and making it accessible for average people,” she told the paper.“Pole dancing is not like everyone thinks it is — you need to actually watch it to understand.“Competitions started but they were very amateur, with friends of friends doing the judging. My goal initially was to make it more professional.“I feel like we have achieved the impossible. Everyone told us that we would not be able to get pole dancing recognised as a sport.”GAISF president Patrick Baumann said the Olympics could be in reach.ADVERTISEMENT (FILES) This file photo taken on March 31, 2017 shows Candice Jabur competing in the Amateur Division Competition at the 5th Annual US Pole Dance Championship March 31, 2017 at the Symphony Space Theater in New York City.Pole dancing has been recognised by an international sports body and organisers hope they can take it all the way to the Olympic Games. The International Pole Sports Federation (IPSF) was this month awarded observer status by the Global Association of International Sports Federations (GAISF) along with bodies representing armwrestling and dodgeball. Observer status is designed as a first step towards full GAISF membership. Observers are assisted in areas such as becoming compliant with World Anti-Doping Agency rules and receiving the required recognition from National Olympic Committees./ AFP PHOTO / TIMOTHY A. CLARYPole dancing has been recognized by an international sports body and organizers hope they can take it all the way to the Olympic Games.The International Pole Sports Federation (IPSF) was this month awarded observer status by the Global Association of International Sports Federations (GAISF) along with bodies representing armwrestling and dodgeball.ADVERTISEMENT Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients  Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics PLAY LIST 00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games LATEST STORIES BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Read Next Observer status is designed as a first step towards full GAISF membership. Observers are assisted in areas such as becoming compliant with World Anti-Doping Agency rules and receiving the required recognition from National Olympic Committees.IPSF president Katie Coates said the move would allow the sport to develop further internationally.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“In just eight years we have created a sport, ignited a global following and inspired a new generation of sportsmen, women and children,” she said. “I am thankful to the IPSF and GAISF teams and excited about the future of our sport.”Speaking to Britain’s Daily Telegraph newspaper, Coates said she was confident the event would become a regular fixture at the Olympics. Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC “We warmly welcome our first observers,” he said. “This is an exciting time for them and for us and we will do everything within our remit to help them realise their full potential as international federations within the global sports family and, one day, maybe become part of the Olympic programme.“The new sports debuting at Tokyo 2020 and at the Buenos Aires Youth Olympics are evidence that the pathway is there.” Liverpool thrashes Maribor 7-0 in Champions League Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View commentslast_img read more

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Video: Taylor Swift Watched Her Brother Graduate From Notre Dame Today, She’s Pretty Excited

first_imgNotre Dame's mascot dancing with the band.SOUTH BEND, IN – SEPTEMBER 16: The Leprechaun from the Notre Dame Fighting Irish excites the crowd in front of the Notre Dame Marching band against of the Michigan Wolverines September 16, 2006 at Notre Dame Stadium in South Bend, Indiana. Michigan won 47-21. (Photo by Jonathan Daniel/Getty Images)Everett Golson, Jerian Grant and Pat Connaughton weren’t the only notable people to graduate from Notre Dame today. Taylor Swift’s brother, Austin, also graduated from the prestigious university. The pop star was in attendance at Notre Dame Stadium to watch the ceremony, too. She was pretty excited for her sibling.last_img

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Photos: Alabama Players Are Very Jealous Of Nick Saban’s New Car, Which Is Awesome

first_imgHead coach Nick Saban of the Alabama Crimson Tide celebrates with the trophy after defeating the Notre Dame Fighting Irish in the 2013 Discover BCS National Championship game.MIAMI GARDENS, FL – JANUARY 07: Head coach Nick Saban of the Alabama Crimson Tide celebrates with the trophy after defeating the Notre Dame Fighting Irish in the 2013 Discover BCS National Championship game at Sun Life Stadium on January 7, 2013 in Miami Gardens, Florida. Alabama won the game by a score of 42-14. (Photo by Streeter Lecka/Getty Images)Nick Saban has a new car. It’s a shiny Mercedes-Benz and, yes, it is awesome. The Alabama head coach apparently drove it to the Crimson Tide’s football facility today. And, unsurprisingly, Saban’s players were very impressed by it. I just want yall to understand how Saban kilt the game today….. Smh boy boy boy pic.twitter.com/xBH7aJ9uap— Alphonse Taylor (@SHANKK50) June 10, 2015pic.twitter.com/gq4Bu3U87i— Juice (@D_4Charlot) June 11, 2015When I saw Saban’s new whip, I thought he was James Bond or some B lol— Khi (@MekhiBrownFFF) June 10, 2015Saban’s car bruh!! pic.twitter.com/AtDADg1j9L— Brandon (@SabanNation_15) June 10, 2015It’s good to be the head coach of the University of Alabama’s football program. It’s very, very good. [BamaOnLine]last_img read more

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AltaGas appoints CEO to replace David Harris after sudden resignation in July

first_imgCALGARY, A.B. – Calgary-based utility AltaGas Ltd. is appointing Randy Crawford as CEO four months after the sudden resignation of ex-CEO David Harris following an unspecified “complaint” to its board.In a news release, it says Crawford will take the reins on Dec. 10 from interim co-CEOs David Cornhill and Phillip Knoll, its chairman and a member of the board, respectively.AltaGas says Crawford has 30 years of experience in the natural gas industry and was most recently the president of midstream and commercial with EQT Corp., a U.S. gas company, where he led a growth strategy in the Marcellus natural gas fields in the northeastern U.S. It says the new CEO will be asked to strengthen AltaGas’ financial position, as well as focus on growth and new opportunities in its gas and U.S. utilities segments.The company said in July the complaint regarding Harris was not related to AltaGas’ strategy, operations or financial reporting, but hasn’t explained what it was related to or who made the complaint, nor has it given any detail of a review of the complaint it said it would undertake.Harris, who had been with AltaGas since 2010 and its top executive since April 2016, oversaw the company’s $6-billion deal to buy Washington, D.C.-based energy utility company WGL Holdings, Inc., which closed three weeks before his departure.last_img read more

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Oil and gas sector applauds pro business government as pipelines remain in

first_imgThe election results are a “positive development” for the oil and gas sector, analysts at Desjardins Energy Research said in a report, but they warned the province’s difficulty in moving oil to market will remain a major thorn in the side of the new government.“The reality is that the federal government still holds most of the key regulatory cards for future approval of interprovincial projects as well as a direct ownership stake in Trans Mountain, which highlights the greater importance of the federal ballot in October,” they noted.Ottawa is expected to wrap up court-ordered consultations with First Nations groups by next month, allowing it to make a final decision on the Trans Mountain expansion pipeline project it bought last fall.Meanwhile, permitting issues in the U.S. have delayed Enbridge Inc.’s Line 3 replacement pipeline project until the middle of 2020 and TransCanada Corp.’s Keystone XL pipeline project is in limbo thanks to a U.S. court decision.In the wake of the UCP’s victory in the Alberta election over Premier Rachel Notley’s NDP government, the head of the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers called for the federal election this fall to also be fought on economic issues.“I think that the results last night strengthen the hand of those that want a strong economy,” said CAPP CEO Tim McMillan on a conference call on Wednesday. CALGARY, AB – Alberta’s oilpatch is celebrating the election of a pro-business government, despite analyst observations that premier-designate Jason Kenney may not be able to do much about getting new oil export pipelines built.“To many of our fellow oil and gas workers who are out of work, underemployed, or otherwise without hope, it feels like spring has returned to Alberta,” said Mark Scholz, CEO of the Canadian Association of Oilwell Drilling Contractors.However, he acknowledged in a statement that the United Conservative Party faces a “formidable task” to create the conditions that will allow the oil and gas sector in Western Canada to thrive again after years of difficult times. “Clearly Albertans were calling for it, we see increasingly that Canadians are putting the economy first as we’re coming into an election in the fall and that momentum across Canada for major projects _ not just energy, but all major projects _ I think, is important.”McMillan was in Toronto where his organization was hosting its annual two-day investment conference.He said the biggest issue he’s hearing about from executives, investors and lenders is the need for more pipelines to provide market access for Western Canada’s growing crude oil production.UCP leader Jason Kenney campaigned on promises to make regulatory, economic and fiscal policy reforms, including a vow to cut the corporate tax rate to eight per cent from 12 per cent, eliminate the provincial carbon tax on consumers, cancel an NDP plan to lease hundreds of railcars to move oil and complete a review of the Alberta Energy Regulator to improve efficiency.center_img In comments emailed from the sidelines of the CAPP conference, CEO Grant Fagerheim of Calgary-based Whitecap Resources Inc. said he supports all of Kenney’s major promises, including his pledge to spend up to $30 million to combat misleading news reports about the industry, and to create a war room to examine foreign-funded anti-oil campaigns.“These are all exceptional initiatives that will assist in bringing back a more stable investment environment in Alberta and Canadian energy and bring back foreign and Canadian investment in energy _ and job opportunities for Albertans,” he said.Gary Mar, CEO of the Petroleum Services Association of Canada, said in a statement that he welcomes Kenney’s vow to restore Alberta competitiveness.“The platform of the UCP precisely reflects the needs of the tens of thousands of service sector companies and workers that PSAC represents that have been devastated by the flight of capital from the oil and gas industry,” he said.last_img read more

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Solving private schoolrelated issues Delhi govts top priority

first_imgNEW DELHI: After the election, the issues with the private schools’ hike in the fees and resolving the complaints regarding such would get priority in the Delhi government. The government has already ordered an audit of all the private schools.The government officials said that the private school, in question, has raised its fees, development charges and annual charges by 10 to 15 per cent without informing or taking permission from the government. The Delhi government had ordered an audit of seven years of the school’s financial records after receiving complaints from parents. Also Read – Odd-Even: CM seeks transport dept’s views on exemption to women, two wheelers, CNG vehiclesThe official also alleged that in the 2018-19 session, many schools had collected money more than the actual fees. “In some schools, we have ordered the school to return the extra fees within 30 days or face action. Else it has to tell the parents that it’ll adjust the extra fees in the coming months,” said an official. This month Delhi Education Minister Manish Sisodia said he has ordered an FIR against a private school in South Delhi, claiming that authorities were storing 2,500 litres of diesel in the school’s basement, causing a potential fire-safety crisis. Sisodia said this was found in an independent investigative raid of K R Mangalam School in Greater Kailash, after complaints by parents of administrative malpractices. This year Delhi government-run schools improved their performance, making it the best ever, by taking the pass percentage in Class XII CBSE exams from 90% last year to 94.22 per cent this year. In the results, announced on Thursday, Delhi government schools also performed better than private schools in the city for the fourth consecutive year, with a success 3.5 percentage points higher than the latter.last_img read more

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With prisoner headcount down 17 jails closed in Tgana

first_imgHyderabad: Seventeen out of the 49 jails in Telangana have been shut down temporarily following reduction in number of prisoners getting lodged in the jails and the state prisons department intends to use the closed prisons for social welfare centres.According to the department, the 17 jails were closed down over the past five years due to insufficient prisoners which, it is said, is the result of the reformation and rehabilitation measures undertaken by them and motivating the prisoners to act as partners in the elimination of crime from society. The number of prisoners has come down from about 7,000 to about 5,000, the department said. The department, which has been striving to reduce crime, had launched different social service initiatives, and also started the concept of ‘Aftercare Services’ to facilitate and help the ex-prisoners lead normal life and not fall back upon crime. The closed prisons can be used for social welfare centres or special homes for beggars, destitute, orphans, etc. at least temporarily, said director general of prisons and correctional services Vinoy Kumar Singh said. The department, which intends to run 100 petrol bunks, currently operates 18 petrol pumps in Hyderabad city and different districts wherein some released prisoners and inmates (convicts undergoing sentences) besides former jail authorities man such bunks. The prisons department has prepared a list of 1,000 habitual offenders in the state, we will be able to cut down the crime graph in the state by engaging almost all the habitual criminals, the top jail official said adding some of them are already self-employed or employed in one of the prison industries or placed somewhere in job melas organised by it. Also, the department has prepared a list of 1,000 habitual offenders in the state, we will be able to cut down the crime graph in the state by engaging almost all the habitual criminals, the top jail official said adding some of them are already self-employed or employed in one of the prison industries or placed somewhere in job melas organised by it. The department has come up with an innovative idea and is thinking of entry into housing development activities and make housing plots for the middle class and lower middle class at cost-to-cost basis by hiring released prisoners. As Telangana government is providing houses under 2BHK scheme to poor people, the prisons Department would make available plots for middle-class and lower middle-class people in gated communities at very affordable prices, Singh said.last_img read more

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