Student achievement stuck in the middle

first_imgA new study of international and U.S. state trends in student achievement growth shows that the United States is squarely in the middle of a group of 49 nations in fourth- and eighth-grade test-score gains in math, reading, and science over the period 1995-2009.Students in three countries — Latvia, Chile, and Brazil — are improving at a rate of 4 percent of a standard deviation annually, roughly two years’ worth of learning or nearly three times that of the United States. Students in another eight countries — Portugal, Hong Kong, Germany, Poland, Lichtenstein, Slovenia, Colombia, and Lithuania — are making gains at twice the rate of U.S. students.The report, “Is the United States Catching Up? International and State Trends in Student Achievement,” is being released by Harvard’s Program on Education Policy and Governance (PEPG). Eric A. Hanushek, Paul E. Peterson, and Ludger Woessmann conducted the study, which is available online. An article based on the report will appear in the fall issue of Education Next and was available today online.Compared with gains made by students in other countries, “progress within the United States is middling, not stellar,” notes Peterson, Harvard professor and PEPG director, with 24 countries trailing the U.S. rate of improvement and another 24 that appear to be improving at a faster rate. While U.S. students’ performance on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) tests improved in absolute terms between 1995 and 2011, U.S. progress was not sufficiently rapid to allow it to catch up with the leaders of the industrialized world.Rates of improvement varied among states. Maryland had the steepest achievement growth trend, followed by Florida, Delaware, and Massachusetts. Between 1992 and 2011, these states posted growth rates of 3.1 to 3.3 percent of a standard deviation annually, well over a full year’s worth of learning during the time period. The U.S. average of 1.6 standard deviations was about half that of the top states.The other six states among the top 10 improvers were Louisiana, South Carolina, New Jersey, Kentucky, Arkansas, and Virginia. States with the largest gains are improving at two to three times the rate of states with the smallest gains — such as Iowa, Maine, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin.The study raises questions about education goal setting in the United States, which “has often been utopian rather than realistic,” according to Eric Hanushek, who cites the 1990 governors’ goal calling for the U.S. to be “first in the world in math and science by 2000” as an example. More realistic expectations would call for states to move closer to annual growth rates of the most-improving states. These gains would, over a 15- to 20-year period, “bring the United States within the range of the world’s leaders.”Other findings include:States in which students improved the most overall were also the states that had the largest percentage reduction in students with very low achievement.Southern states, which began to adopt education reform measures in the 1990s, outpaced Midwestern states, where school reform made little headway until very recently. Five of the top 10 states were in the South, and no Southern states were in the bottom 18.No significant correlation was found between increased spending on education and test score gains. For example, Maryland, Massachusetts, and New Jersey posted large gains in student performance after boosting spending, but New York, Wyoming, and West Virginia had only marginal test-score gains to show from increased expenditures.International results are based on 28 administrations of comparable math, science, and reading tests over the period 1995-2009. The authors adjusted both the mean and the standard deviation of each international test, allowing them to estimate trends on the international tests on a common scale normed to the 2000 NAEP tests. Student performance on 36 administrations of math, reading, and science tests in 41 U.S. states was examined over a 19-year period (1992-2011), allowing for a comparison of these states with each other. For more information on the study and its methodology, please see an unabridged version of the report, which is available at http://www.hks.harvard.edu/pepg/ and at www.educationnext.org.last_img read more

Read More »

Anthony Joshua makes bold prediction ahead of Deontay Wilder vs Tyson Fury 2

first_img SUBSCRIBE TO US COMMENT LIVE TV WBC Heavyweight champion Deontay Wilder and Tyson Fury split the entire boxing universe into two halves when they squared off against each other on December 11, 2018 at the Staples Centre in Los Angeles. The undefeated boxers put up a great fight but the night ended in a controversial draw. While Tyson Fury outboxed Deontay Wilder in almost every round, the undefeated American replied back by landing a vicious right hand over Tyson Fury in the final minutes of the fight. It made The Gypsy King go down. However, Tyson Fury got back to his feet and regained his momentum. The duo are ready to run it back one more time on February 22, 2020 at MGM Grand in Las Vegas. While the heavyweight clash is just knocking at the doors, another world champion has predicted the results. WATCH US LIVE Raj Sarkar Written Bycenter_img Last Updated: 4th January, 2020 14:50 IST Anthony Joshua Makes Bold Prediction Ahead Of Deontay Wilder Vs Tyson Fury 2 Heavyweight world champion Anthony Joshua has made his prediction for the much-awaited heavyweight title fight between Deontay Wilder and Tyson Fury. Know more. First Published: 4th January, 2020 14:50 IST Also Read | Anthony Joshua Makes It Clear That He Is Ready To Fight Deontay WilderAnthony Joshua predicts the winner of Deontay Wilder vs Tyson Fury 2If we are talking about the current heavyweight scenario, we cannot miss out on Anthony Joshua. The WBA (super), WBO, IBF, and IBO heavyweight champion has already expressed his urge to unify his titles with WBC Heavyweight belt. He is going to get his match only after Tyson Fury and Deontay Wilder get done with each other. Meanwhile, Anthony Joshua has predicted the results of the fight. According to him, Tyson Fury is going to be victorious on February 22. In an interview with Boxing Scene, Anthony Joshua said, “How long I’ve been waiting to fight for the championship belt, I think if Fury had it, me and him would have got a deal done. That’s why I was rooting for Fury to win because I just want to fight and collect my last belt. If I was betting man, I think Fury wins.”Also Read | Anthony Joshua Tagged As The Biggest HYPOCRITE Of Boxing Universe By Former Rival Also Read | Anthony Joshua Hits Back At Deontay Wilder’s Criticism With A Stunning ReplyAlso Read | ‘Anthony Joshua, Tyson Fury, Deontay Wilder Would’ve Excelled In My Time’: George Foreman FOLLOW USlast_img read more

Read More »

Liverpool 0 – 2 Arsenal

first_imgArsenal secured their first victory of the season in impressive style at Anfield as they won comfortably against a desperately poor Liverpool.Arsene Wenger’s summer signings Lukas Podolski and Santi Cazorla scored their first goals for the club either side of the interval to leave new manager Brendan Rodgers presiding over Liverpool’s worst start since 1962-63.Arsenal had the game’s outstanding performers in Cazorla and Abou Diaby and a third successive clean sheet will also have delighted Wenger and his new right-hand man Steve Bould.The difficulties are mounting swiftly for Rodgers. He has to deal with a shortage of attacking resources after Liverpool failed to replace Andy Carroll following his loan move to West Ham United. And to make matters worse, the decline of goalkeeper Pepe Reina continues as he was again badly at fault for Cazorla’s second goal that settled the destiny of the points.That followed his mistake that allowed David Templeton’s shot to go through him against Hearts in the Europa League on Thursday. These are crucial early days for Rodgers and their next league test is a difficult trip to Sunderland.Raheem Sterling, just 17, offered moments of hope for Liverpool but they were few and far between as more experienced and illustrious team-mates failed to exert any influence over affairs.Arsenal were dominant in all areas, with Diaby ruling midfield and Cazorla proving what a bargain he is after a £15m move from Malaga.For two managers who pride themselves on the passing game, Rodgers and Wenger will have been aghast at the number of careless passes and errors that littered an undistinguished first period.And it was from one such moment of careless, with Liverpool captain Steven Gerrard the culprit, that Arsenal took the lead after 31 minutes. Gerrard conceded possession as he tried to find Luis Suarez, allowing Cazorla to surge forward and play in Podolski for a clinical finish that the German striker took with great expertise. In among the mediocrity surrounding him, Sterling was again creating a good impression and he almost produced an equaliser with a neat turn inside the box and a powerful shot against the outside of an upright.The power of Diaby was a feature of the first half and another run through the heart of Liverpool’s defence should have brought a second Arsenal goal, only for Olivier Giroud to somehow sweep a simple opportunity wide.Liverpool appealed for a penalty when Suarez clashed with Per Mertesacker, who had been booked early on after another collision with the Uruguayan, but referee Howard Webb angered The Kop by waving play on.Reina needed to be alert to block a shot from Kieran Gibbs at his near post and from Carl Jenkinson’s long-range effort. Suarez was fighting a lone battle against Mertesacker and Thomas Vermaelen but at least offered Liverpool some hope with a rising drive that was touched over by Vito Mannone.This was snuffed out when Cazorla added Arsenal’s second after 69 minutes. The Spaniard’s shot carried plenty of power but Reina should have done much better than merely help it into the net.Liverpool’s lack of threat will have alarmed Rodgers but at least substitute Jonjo Shelvey, on for debutant Nuri Sahin, was prepared to test Mannone, twice bringing saves with efforts from distance.Anfield was deserting rapidly as the final whistle was blown – optimism for Wenger and a desperately poor start for Rodgers.last_img read more

Read More »